“After the Chernobyl accident, the world began to fear nuclear energy.” Dmitri Stelmahk told me this during one of my first visits to Slavutich. “Chernobyl” became a household term that depicted images of sick children and the abandon buildings that lined the streets of Pripyat. Until visiting Slavutych, I never imagined the stalwart workers who now decommission the plant or the next generation of families who will inherit its legacy.
“If Pripyat represents destruction and defeat––a lost city, a dead city––then Slavutych is the resurrection,” Slavutych Mayor Volodimir Udovichenko told me a few days before Easter and the 25th Anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.
Carved out of a forest 50 kilometers from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, Slavutych is the city Chernobyl built. It was erected by the Soviet government shortly after the disaster as a replacement for the abandoned city of Pripyat which had to be evacuated because of its proximity to the plant. Slavutych was built to provide workers with a comfortable life and modern amenities. It was the last city built by the Soviet Union.
But, in 2000, under international pressure, the Ukrainian government shut down the final operating reactor resulting in a massive job loss for the community of Slavutych. Retired workers survive on small pensions and deal with the toll taken by decades of radiation exposure. Younger workers continue to disassemble the plant, but many worry about the uncertainty that lies ahead.
“We have no future for our children after they graduate from school,” Lubov a retired Chernobyl liquidator lamented as she talked about the lack of new jobs at the plant and the stagnant economy. Many of those electrical engineers lucky enough to have jobs sit resignedly at desks, squandering their training and talent.
“Radiation isn’t scary for those who work at the plant. They are not afraid, and the people who live in Slavutych aren’t afraid either.They are tired of being afraid,” Lubov said. “They are afraid that the city of Slavutych will be shut down, that it will be a second Pripyat.”